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Tulip Garden

How to plan and successfully grow your tulip garden.

Tulip garden photoEvery spring if you walk down past your neighbour's gardens for a stroll in the park, what do you inevitably see, both in the gardens and the park... beautiful displays of tulips. Gardens full of delight!
One of the reasons for this is that apart their stunning beauty they are readily available, cheap and have a wide range of colors and forms. Most garden outlets and bulb catalogues sell the large-flowered garden tulips in packets of mixed colors according to group or in packets of named individual varieties. The large-flowered garden tulips are just made for use as bedding plants - they combine really well with forget-me-nots and wallflowers. They also can be used to great effect planted in scattered clumps among perennials or other bulbs.

The smaller species tulips have a less choice of colors than the garden tulips, but they have a more delicate form and are ideal for rockeries and container gardens, or the front of borders.

 
The requirements for successfully growing tulips in your garden are:
  • choose large healthy looking bulbs
  • well drained alkaline soil
  • a sunny spot

Garden tulips and their identities.
Tulips are classified into 15 groups or divisions.
There are an enormous number of large-flowered hybrids and these are classified into 11 of these divisions, according to flowering time, plant shape, flower size and form.
Species and species hybrids make up the four remaining groups.

 

Let's look at each group!

 

Popular Single Early varieties are:
Tulipa Apricot Beauty
Apricot Beauty
Tulipa Bestseller
Bestseller
Tulipa Generaal de Wet
Generaal de Wet
Tulipa Ruby Red
Ruby Red
Division 1 - Single early tulips

These are excellent used as bedding plants in a tulip garden.

They have rounded petals forming small deep cup-shaped single flowers, which sometimes open flat in full sun.

They flower in mid spring.

They grow to 25-60cm (10-24in) high
Their stems are thick so they can handle the wind and rain.
Some varieties can be forced indoors.
Plant the bulbs 10-15cm (4-6in apart)

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Popular Double Early varieties are:
Tulipa Electra
Electra
Tulipa Mr van de Hoef
Mr van de Hoef
Tulipa Oranje Nassau
Oranje Nassau
Tulipa Schoonoord
Schoonoord

Division 2 - Double early tulips


They are good for mass bedding layouts or containers.
They prefer a sheltered site in your tulip garden.

These have large double flowers resembling peonies.

They flower in mid spring and are long-lasting.

They grow to 25-30cm (10-12in) high.
Plant the bulbs 10-15cm (4-6in) apart.

Buy your tulip bulbs here!


 

Popular Triumph varieties are:
Tulipa Attila
Attila
Tulipa Bellona
Bellona
Tulipa Garden Party
Garden Party
Tulipa White Dream
White Dream

Division 3 - Triumph tulips

They can handle the wind and rain so can be used as bedding plants in exposed tulip gardens.

These are sometimes referred to as Mid Season tulips in bulb catalogues. They have large, single, angular flowers.
They flower in mid spring and are long-lasting.

They grow to 40-60cm (16-24in) high.
Plant the bulbs 10-15cm (4-6in) apart.

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Popular Darwin Hybrids are:
Tulipa Apeldoorn
Apeldoorn
Tulipa Big Chief
Big Chief
Tulipa Elizabeth Arden
Elizabeth Arden
Tulipa Olympic Flame
Olympic Flame

Division 4- Darwin hybrid tulips

Their colorful flowers make them ideal for the main focal point of a display in a tulip garden.

These have large, round brilliantly colored flowers.

They flower in late spring.

They grow to 55-70cm (22-28in) high on strong stems.
Plant the bulbs 15-20cm (6-8in) apart.

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Popular Single Late tulips are:
Tulipa Avignon
Avignon
Tulipa Golden Harvest
Golden Harvest
Tulipa Queen of Night
Queen of Night
Tulipa Sorbet
Sorbet

Division 5- Single Late tulips

These are usually used in bedding or border layouts of tulip gardens.

These are sometimes referred to as May flowering tulips.
They have squared-off, oval or egg shaped flowers.

They flower in late spring.

They grow to 65-80cm (26-32in) high.
Plant the bulbs 10-15cm (4-6in) apart.

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Popular Lily-Flowered tulips are:
Tulipa Aladdin
Aladdin
Tulipa China Pink
China Pink
Tulipa West Point
West Point
Tulipa White Triumphator
White Triumphator

Division 6- Lily-Flowered tulips

They are beautiful bedding plants and prefer a sunny site.
Every tulip garden should have them.

These have long single flowers with pointed petals, often curving out at the tips.

They flower in late spring.

They grow to 50-65cm (20-26in) high.
Plant the bulbs 10-15cm (4-6in) apart.

.

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Popular Fringed varieties are:
Tulipa Arma
Arma
Tulipa Burgandy Lace
Burgandy Lace
Tulipa Fringed Beauty
Fringed Beauty
Tulipa Daytona
Daytona

Division 7- Fringed tulips

These are usually used in bedding or border layouts.
One of the prettiest bulbs in a tulip garden

These have flowers similar to those of the Single late group but with fringed petals.

They flower in late spring.

They grow to 55-80cm (22-32in) high.
Plant the bulbs 15-20cm (6-8in) apart.

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Popular Viridiflora tulips are:
Tulipa Artist
Artist
Tulipa Golden Artist
Golden Artist
Tulipa Groenland
Groenland
Tulipa Spring Green
Spring Green

Division 8 - Viridiflora tulips

These are usually used in bedding or border layouts.
These green striped flowers look wonderful in your tulip garden.

They are also known as Green tulips.
These are similar to the Single late tulips but the petals are partly green.

The flowers appear in late spring.

They grow to 23-60cm (9-24in) high.
Plant the bulbs 15-20cm (6-8in) apart.

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

 

Division 9 - Rembrandt tulips

These are usually used in bedding or border layouts.
These have large single flowers with petals streaked or blotched with a second color which is caused by a harmless virus. Their big cups stand out well in the tulip garden.
The flowers appear in late spring.
They grow to 45-75cm (18-30in) high.
Plant the bulbs 15-20cm (6-8in) apart.

Among the Rembrandt varieties available for your tulip garden are 'lnsulinde' (violet and yellow), 'Lotty van Beuningen' (lilac, purple and white) and 'Jack Laan' (purple, yellow and white).

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Popular Parrot tulips are:
Tulipa Black Parrot
Black Parrot
Tulipa Fantasy
Fantasy
Tulipa Flaming Parrot
Flaming Parrot
Tulipa White Parrot
White Parrot

Division 10 - Parrot tulips

Their stems are often too weak to support the large unsheltered flowers and so staking is sometimes necessary. They prefer a sheltered position.They add a wild attraction to any tulip garden

These have large, often bi-colored, flowers with frilled and/or twisted petals.

They flower in mid and late spring.

They grow to 50-65cm (20-26in) high.
Plant the bulbs 15-20cm (6-8in) apart.

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Popular Double Late tulips are:
Tulipa Angelique
Angelique
Tulipa Bon Soir
Bon Soir
Tulipa Boule d'Or
Boule d'Or
Tulipa Mount Tacoma
Mount Tacoma

Division 11 - Double late tulips

These prefer a sheltered position.

They are sometimes called Peony-flowered tulips,
They have large showy flowers, resembling peonies and look beautiful when planted in big bunches in your tulip garden.

They flower in late spring.

The plants grow to 40-60cm) (16-24in) high.
Plant the bulbs 15cm (6in) apart.

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Popular Kaufmanniana tulips are:
Tulipa Ancilla
Ancilla
Tulipa Heart's Delight
Heart's Delight
Tulipa Johann Strauss
Johann Strauss
Tulipa The First
The First

Division 12 - Kaufmanniana tulips

These tulips are ideal for rock gardens, containers, or along the edges of orders.

These are also known as Water lily tulips.
They have long, often bi colored, flowers.

They flower in early spring.

They grow to 10-25cm (4-10in) high,
Plant the bulbs 10-15cm (4-6in) apart.

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Popular Fosteriana tulips are:
Tulipa Cantata
Cantata
Tulipa Orange Emperor
Orange Emperor
Tulipa Rockery Beauty
Rockery Beauty
Tulipa Purissima
Purissima

Division 13 - Fosteriana tulips

Their brilliant eye-catching colors make them good for focal planting. A must have for any tulip garden.

These have large, long flowers.

They flower in mid spring.

They grow to 20-40cm (8-16in) high.
Plant the bulbs 15cm (6in) apart.

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Popular Greigii Hybrids are:
Tulipa Cape Cod
Cape Cod
Tulipa Dreamboat
Dreamboat
Tulipa Plaisir
Plaisir
Tulipa Red Riding Hood
Red Riding Hood

Division 14- Greigii Hybrid tulips

As most of these are short, they look best in rockeries and containers. No tulip garden is quite right without these beautiful hybrids.

These have lovely colorful flowers with maroon or purple-brown veined or spotted foliage.

They flower in early to mid spring.

They grow to 23-50cm (9-20in) high.

 

Buy your tulip bulbs here!

 


 

Division 15- Species tulips
These tend to be smaller and more delicate in form than the garden tulips. They are ranging from 7.5-45cm (3-18in) in height. Those listed below are the most readily available species, though others are sometimes sold by specialist bulb growers. They are the best at naturalizing and so are a must for any tulip garden as they will keep multiplying.

Tulipa clusiana (known as the lady tulip)

Tulipa CynthiaThe clusiana 'Cynthia' has red pointed petals flushed yellow with grey-green leaves that are upright and very narrow.
They flower in mid spring.
The plants grow to 23-30cm (9-12in) high.
Plant the bulbs 7.5cm (3in) apart.

Tulipa praestans

Tulipa BloemenlustThe praestans 'Bloemenlust' has long red flowers with blunt petals. Each stem has between two and five flowers accompanied by broad grey-green leaves.
They flower in early and mid spring.
The plants grow to 30-45cm (12-18in) high.
Plant the bulbs 12-15cm (5-6in) apart.

Tulipa tarda

Tulipa TardaThe tarda has white narrow petalled flowers with a yellow eye, with up to five flowers on each stem. The narrow mid-green leaves form a rosette at flowering time.
They flower in early spring.
They grow to 10cm (4in) high.
Plant the bulbs 7.5cm (3in) apart.

 

Buy your tulip bulbs here!


Cultivation
The bulbs of garden tulips and the Fosteriana and Greigii hybrids are best used as bedding plants or as group plantings in borders. Plant in early winter-if they're put in the ground any sooner any early growth they may get could get frost damage.

 

The soil must be well drained and preferably alkaline; if it's acid apply lime just before planting. Now's also the time to add a fertilizer which releases it's nutrients steadily to the soil and so provide feed for the bulbs. You can get a good long-acting fertilizer here.

Set the bulbs 10-15cm (4-6in) deep (for planting distances see above).

Dead-head as the first petals fall, leaving the stems and leaves intact to feed the bulb. It's best to lift the bulbs when the leaves start turning yellow, but if the site is needed for summer bedding, lift the tulips earlier, replant them in a spare corner, and lift again when the leaves have died down. Place the plants in shallow boxes and store in a dry shed.

Plant the bulbs of species and Kaufmanniana hybrid tulips in early winter, in well-drained soil in a south-facing position, sheltered from strong winds. Set the bulbs 7.5cm (3in) deep (for planting distances see above).
After flowering, remove the leaves and stems as they die. Leave the bulbs in the ground and keep the area free of weeds.

Pests and diseases
Stored bulbs may be eaten by mice, and slugs may feed on the bulbs, stems and leaves of small plants. The arabis mosaic and cucumber mosaic viruses affect tulips, blue mould may develop on damaged bulbs and tulip fire can cause scorched areas on leaves and flowers

 



For more practical advice and tips for designing and creating the garden of your dreams...please visit...
http://www.complete-flower-garden.com .



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